Clothing is one of the essential needs of humans. And how it’s made is certainly a big deal for the world today. Since the ice age, humans already use bone needles to sew clothes, and industrial sewing machines now allow speedy and massive production of different garments. Such as the modern sewing machines at http://sewingmachinebuffs.com/best-computerized-sewing-embroidery-machine-for-home-use/.
Here’s how Industrial Sewing Machines was developed
England, USA and France have played key roles in the origin of sewing machines. But its first patent belongs to a man named Thomas Saint in 1790. He made a machine that copies the movement of an arm holding a needle while sewing. And it’s used for stitching leather and canvas fabric.
Some sewing machines followed the invention of Saint with almost the same mechanism. But in 1807, England, Edward and William Chapman created a machine which needle’s eye is at the bottom.
Also, a Frenchman, Bartheleemy Thimmonier’s, created a machine with curved needle and is capable of cross-stitching. This machine increased the production of French military uniform, which caused over 160 tailors to lose their job. This pushed them to burn Thimmonier’s’s factory in a riot.
Walter Hunt, an American, made a machine that can create lock stitches in 1834. That’s with a second thread that runs underneath the machine. But this machine wasn’t patented.
That’s when the American Elias Howe got the patent for the sewing machine in 1846. He marketed his machine in England, but when he went back to USA in 1849, he discovered others have already copied his machine. He brought these cases into court, and won them in 1854 which became a significant point of the Patent Law.
In 1851, Isaac M. Singer patented a sewing machine that is capable of stitching from different directions. It features an arm which hangs above a flat table, and drops the needle down rapidly. This became the toughest competitor for Howe.
That’s when Singer and Howe came up with a patent pool along with a couple of other manufacturers. And in 1860’s such machine saw tremendous popularity because of the Civil War. There was a huge wave of military uniform orders which requires speedy and massive production.
Today, industrial sewing machines have gone far. They’re the type which serve specific purpose, and are much bigger and heavier than home use counterparts.